Monday, September 15, 2014

What Should You Be Writing Next?

Publishing trends aren't skittish, and they aren't whimsical. There is a logic to the trends, informative sources, and there are definite cycles to be observed. Hence, the next hot trend may be possible to be determined. So yes, you can most certainly keep your finger on the pulse of the market and see what is hot now, what has been selling, what hasn't been done in a while but has a following, and what people (authors, publishers and agents) are looking for, working on, and buying,  and get ahead of that wave.

Do note however, that when I say what has been selling, I'm referring to not only books being sold in stores, but also e-books, and books being contracted by authors and agents to the publishing houses. I differentiate these three because the timing on when they are written and published varies significantly, and if you are simply following the trends of what is selling on the best seller lists now, you'll be completely off base.

We often tell authors to write the story that they want to write. And write about what they know. These two are, more often than not, prerequisites to a good story. If you write about something you want to write about, it will likely be a story that you enjoy and are more likely to dedicate yourself, think the details through, and enjoy the process. It isn't just more fun, and more productive, but the end product is usually better when the author is loving the story as they are writing it.

Writing about what you know is also easier and results in a better product because you already know what you're talking about and will need to do less research, and will usually tend to be more accurate and authentic.

I often find that when someone writes about a topic or place that they are not familiar with, small errors happen, and the material can sound forced, bringing the reader to question the authenticity of the facts and perhaps even disconnect them from the story.

Additionally, when the author spends too much time doing research, there will be a stronger tendency to want to include as much of that research into the story to show the reader that they know what they are talking about. They end up dumping chunks of information into the story that lacks flow and disturbs the tempo or pace of the story.

Even though we should write about what we know and write that story that simply must be told, a talented author can avoid some of those mistakes if they are careful and mindful of pacing, tone, subject matter, tempo, and edit really well. I'm just saying that as a general rule, the best stories are the ones that must be told from someone with knowledge.

If that's you and your story, great, but you may still want to try to figure out if the story you are writing or want to write is going to be marketable and synchronized to the trend wave when you're ready to put it out there. If this is the case, then you should be looking at what's has already been published, and what the demands have been and are, to determine what will be in demand... or so out of the proverbial box, that everyone will want it.

I mentioned that we should differentiate between books based on timing. Let me expand a little bit more on this because too often I've seen and heard people try to work out their timelines for writing, pitching and releasing based on inaccurate presumptions.

So many times, I have been pitched a book by an author who tells me, "This is very timely, because there will be a TV show about this in the fall," or they say that the sequel to xyz is being released next month by such and such top publisher. When this happens I sit a little closer to the person, smile, and then I explain to them that if I get to read their manuscript within the next month in itself would probably be a miracle. Then I have to pitch it and sell it. Which takes more time, months on average. Then once the publisher signs the book they have their own editing and production timelines. So the story that they are pitching to me, if I (or another agent) end up signing it and sell it to a top house, will likely not be out for another 1-2 years, sometimes more.

Books on shelves, books on lists, books coming out, books being acquired by publishers were all written at different times. If you are trying to use this information you need to look at all books within a period of time in order to see the big picture from what has been selling to what will be out in the next few years, in order to try to guess what will be hot next.

To figure out what has been selling, you should be looking at the best seller lists, reviews of purchases on Amazon and the such, book shelves and e-categories. The best seller lists going back as far as you're willing to extend your research will show you the most popular books with the best sales on a weekly basis. To do the best research, you should actually look at when that book was published (and the copyright notice on the first few pages because it may be a rerelease), and if you really want to figure out the timing, take a look at when that book was acquired by the publishing house to see how long it took them to release it. That's when you will start to get a full picture.

When you look for books on electronic sources like Amazon, Barnes & Noble, and the like, you can see most of the above stated information in the book's description page. You can also see how many reviews the book received, what those reviewers are reading (click on their user names), look up the books by category or genre and see what the amazing algorithms tell you. Amazon had these implemented these algorithms that allow them to use your purchase and browsing history to give you suggestions on what you may like, and to tell you what others that bought the book you're looking at purchased, and they even suggest more authors like the one you're looking at. I'm not sure how these Algorithms work, so take the suggestions as just that, suggestions. They may not be scientific evidence, but can be helpful none the less to gather info on the books, authors and readers. Another thing to keep in mind is that self published books, and there are a lot of them out there, are written and released a lot faster than those put out by publishers. So when you're looking at a book, it is important to note if the book was published by a publishing house, or if it was recently written and published by an independent author.

When a publishing house publishes a book, especially a paper book, it usually takes a minimum of six months to prepare and publish that book. Most publishing contracts allow publishers to take up to 18 months to put out a paper book. The reason why I'm telling you this is because if you're writing a trendy book now, and you pitch it to a publisher, that book will not be in stores for some time, so you may miss that trend completely. Especially if they take longer than six months to publish their books,  and especially if you're targeting one of the top publishers and working with an agent. This info may help you decide to self publish, if you think that the work is time sensitive.

Like I said above, working with an agent may be necessary and always valuable, but it will add time to the equation. Most top publishers don't even look at un-agented work. Here are two ways to get around this issue. One is to find large publishing houses that do just e-books or e-first. Most of them now have imprints that do just that. These imprints may look at unagented work, and the releases are faster because e-books are easier to produce. The second is to pitch to a publisher directly at a writers conference and if they like it you can then more easily find an agent to help you with the contract.

So when you want to try to figure out a trend, it's smart to know what's out there and what's going to be out there. If you take into consideration what I just said about big publishing houses, you'll realize that you can actually figure out what books will be publishing in the next six months to a year or so, by looking at the listing of deals made by publishers. This is available on Publisher's Market Place.

By looking at all of these sources, now you can have a better grasp of what's happening in the industry. Granted, this does not entirely tell you what independent authors will be publishing, but if you follow some independent authors on social media, and see what they are publishing, they are fairly transparent. You eventually start to get an idea of what to expect from them as well. 

In way of example, there are three or four bicker series that have just been started by successful enough independent authors. This should be something to keep in mind, because this should tell you that within the next year, they will all be putting out biker books months from each other. You need to be able to see that having these many books on bikers at once, will have an affect on the market. If you have a biker book, your decision should be to either publish it at the same time independently to ride the wave, or just hold off until they have finished their series and see if you can pick up their fans when they are done. When doing the latter, of course, you risk being too late. People may be sick of biker books by then, and all of the books on this topic may have already been sold. And so if you don't have something with a unique hook, you may hold off on that story all together and cut your losses. I don't make this suggestion lightly, but business calls are often hard to make. And good business people need to know when to make them.

The same thing would apply to starting to pitch these types of books to agents or publishers, because by the time those books would release, the wave will likely have crested as well... if they even look at the books at all. Because agents and editors have a fairly good grasp about all of this and what they should be looking at. So if you get consistent declines on your work telling you that they already have similar projects in the work or published, then that should be your red flag.

Therefore, even though there really are no rules, and you really never know what will work in the market, because there are so many examples out there that have had unexplainable success. And there's no scientific way to know about new ideas, it is imperative to read and research the market to know what's been published, what has been doing well, what is coming out, and what will be out in the near future, because having this knowledge about the market will allow you to be able to determine with some logical certainty, whether and when it is the best time to pitch or publish your book.

Making an educated decision is always better than shooting in the dark, and then wondering why your didn't reach your target.

Publishing is a business industry, and that makes you a business person. You need to treat your work as your coveted product, and to sell it well you need to do your research and know as much as possible about the market and its players. Only then, you'll be able to make the best decisions for your brand and your product. 

Happy publishing!

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Post New Adult: Keeping up with Publishing Trends

The publishing world is an ever changing industry. It's a beast in itself with all of its rules, needs, and quirks. Yet this wonderful beast, like a magical being from a fantasy novel, morphs and acclimates with changing trends, economies, and demands.

As authors, agents, publishers, and readers, we must all know this beast as if it were our very own pet. We need to learn to nurture it, figure out what makes it tick, and how to satisfy it when it goes on a whim. 

Sometimes these whims however, aren't  just a hot trend like vampires and dystopian novels. Sometimes they are actually growth changes and demands that develop as markets grow and readers become more sophisticated. 

A few years ago, a cute young adult vampire novel was published Stephanie Meyers titled Twilight... you may have heard of it. Yes, of course you have! The book became a sensation, changing the way we look at Vampires for ever, and pretty much blowing the roof off the YA market.

This book became so popular that not only did it attract the attention of readers of all ages, something we started calling cross over, but it also inspired millions of people to write within the genre. 

Next thing you know, the genre became so saturated that

authors and publishers needed and wanted a 'little more'. Fans also became older, and wanted a little more in way of spice, or sexy, if you will. Everyone started pushing the envelope and writing and publishing these more mature novels... Still calling them YA cross over. 

Long story made short, we started calling these 'cross over novels' New Adult works, and targeting them to the age group that immediately follows Young Adult, ages 19-25. And even though many fought against it, and questioned it, it made complete sense. This, I think is brilliant actually, because this college age, often coming of age group has a huge readership. A readership that was being over looked, and often not properly targeted. (Including the age of the characters in descriptions and meta data just wasn't enough.) 

Readers this age want to read about people their age, and what they are experiencing, and be able to relate. I'm not saying that we don't all relate to different age groups, because many of us actually look for these reads and love them. I'm saying that there was this unmet need to make it easier for this age group to properly find great books about characters their age, and life events, or experiences and decisions that happen during those times. Now we can all easily find them when we want them. 

As wonderful as this all is, I personally feel that there is still a gap, very much like the picture to the right. The bridge is complete, but we don't quite see all of it. The gap represents a target age group of readers, and books with characters of the next age post New Adult, ages 26-30 maybe even 35, that isn't properly targeted.  Many books are shunned from the NA category if the main characters are even a year or so older, clumping them all from ages 26 and up into Adult books. This is especially true in the Romance genre where age matters quite a bit. So it seems to me that an important distinction is overlooked. In my opinion there should be at least a Post New Adult category for readers ages 26-30. 

Okay, okay so now I'm going to age myself, but I think that these were very important years. They are in ways still formative years. We often use the phrase "coming of age" to mean many things- finding oneself, discovering sexuality, finding their path, etc. But honestly, I think that many of us don't really come of age in a sense, or really truly find our calling, until we finish college and 'start our lives in the real world', meeting responsibilities, starting jobs, and really finally settling down. 

So what am I saying here? Basically, I think that we need to carve out the Post New Adult age group, ages 26-30, from the Adult category and distinguish these years to properly market them to the right readers. This will allow more mature content, which means more realistic coming-into-their-own experiences for characters; and stop boring that readers who are past college stories, relationships that are not likely to last, and give them realistic expectations of what its like to be that age in today's society (by realistic I don't mean do away with HEA... because we all still want that.) Maybe then, it will be easier to for them to find the right books for them, the sales for that age group will increase because they will be more satisfied, and perhaps we will even spare them reading about the two time divorce, or the mother sending her son off to college and falling for the kid's hot professor (someone please write this for me! lol), with whom they won't be connecting with for another few years. Believe it or not, it also works the other way. It will also be great for readers of other age groups to find these stories if they want them. I love to read Middle Grade and Young Adult books, which are clearly not my age group, but I love having the option of knowing where to look when I want them. 

Why do we need to do this? Some may argue that adults are adults, and we can't carve out all of the age groups and have so many categories... and that we are bottle-necking readers. I would wholeheartedly disagree with anyone who says this, because clumping books into the Adult category from ages 26 to 105 is just a bit TOO broad. I just see no reason why not organize our bookshelves provide more information to the market. 

I represent and consult with many YA and NA authors, and authors who just write for Adults. All of these authors enjoy the guidance of knowing their target market and their demands. They are all equally frustrated however, when they have a story for or about someone who is in the Post New Adult age group and they have to make the person younger or change the plot to make it fit into NA. Alternatively they have to just sell it as an Adult novel, and they worry that it will get lost in the shuffle, and often does, with all of the other more mature audience stories out there. 

I think that just in the same way we classify children's books into age groups, and for the same reasons that we have distinguished Middle Grade, Young Adult, and New Adult from other age groups, we now also should separate Post New Adult and perhaps even the next age groups (Mature Adult) to enable readers to better find what they are looking for, to avoid pigeonholing authors to the New Adult category, or get their work lost in the proverbial haystack when labeling them all Adult. 

Since we have already started categorizing so many books by age, and have accepted New Adult as a category, I think that the flood gates are now open. Why not break down the rest of the Adult category accordingly and let readers and writers reap from the benefits. 

There of course will always be the hybrid books, and the out of the box plots that intentionally don't fit into just one category or genre. And that's perfectly great, and acceptable. I'm not suggesting that we categorize everything militantly. Not at all. I just like the organization and the benefits it provides.

I'm a huge fan of mixing genres and categories as applicable.  It's all good... as long as we properly describe what the book offers and for whom, so that the readers know exactly what they are getting and where to find it. So why not do it as a standard and organize the book shelves, instead impracticably of just skimming the surface with book descriptions. 

If PNA is set as a standard category, books can be properly shelved and metadata will be more efficient. This is also a lot less tacky and more efficient than including the heroine's age in the book jacket. 

I would love to hear your thoughts on this! Please do share your comments. 

Happy Publishing!